(c. 500 BCE)
Many Euro-American traditions evident in philosophy, government, law, architecture, art, mythology, literature, sociology, ecology, and war can trace their origins back along twisting paths to the traditions of ancient Greece and Rome. I have individual subsections focused on Greece and Rome, separately, but on this page, I am highlighting links to the Classical Graeco-Roman world as a whole.
Major Collections & Research Sites
on the Classical World
http://vos.ucsb.edu/shuttle/classics.html[Link updated 10/22/99]
This comprehensive Classical Studies page comes from my favorite must-see "meta-site": Alan Liu's "Voice of the Shuttle" (listed on my Cross-cultural, Multi-regional, Interdisciplinary Collections page). Liu covers the following categories with a huge number of links (some annotated): General Classics Resources; Language Resources (including Greek and Latin); Archaeology & Art; History & Culture; Literature; Mythology; Philosophy; Journals; Listservs & Newsgroups; Classics Depts., Programs & Associations; Course Syllabi; and Conferences, Calls for Papers. It is an impressive achievement.http://www.perseus.tufts.edu/
The "Perseus Project" at Tufts University is widely known for its academic rigor and scholarly usefulness. If you're looking for any ancient text or art related to Greece or Rome, this is a good place to start. I should warn you, however, that the site's functional, almost sterile design may take some time to figure out. What I do is quite unsophisticated: I type in a name like gorgon, hit "enter," and wait to see what happens. Getting actual ancient citations with full referencing at 4am when all libraries are closed is one beauty of this site.http://classics.mit.edu/
Getting many ancient images is another major asset -- discovering how to view them is tricky, however. If the listing gives "24 vases," for example, I expect "24 vases" to be in hypertext. It isn't. The first time this happened, I went searching for those 24 images under "Art & Archaeology," assuming that texts must be in one place under gorgon and images in another, also under gorgon. They aren't. Frustrated, I went back to the page with the notation "24 vases" and finally discovered that if I clicked on a miniscule blue triangle the size of a flea, I'd be taken to a new page with titles of the 24 vases listed. There, when I clicked on an entry, I'd be taken to yet another page with a lot of hypertext -- sometimes there was also an image, but often not. When there was none, I clicked randomly on hypertext, hoping to get lucky, but I just got more text. After much grumbling, eventually I discovered that I could click on "Images" at the top of the page and be whisked to the bottom of the page where the images, front & back views, museum locations, etc are noted in hypertext. Don't click on anything obvious and expect to see an image, however! Only if the archive number is in hypertext will you be able to click on the number and access an image.
Be patient if you too have trouble with this site at first. It gets easier -- and it's worth it. (Perhaps if enough people e-mail them, as I did, they'll design a more user-friendly format.)
The Internet Classics Archive is a marvelous tool, elegant, and easy to use. It comes from MIT and is sponsored in part by the MIT Program in Writing and Humanistic Studies. It includes a list of 441 works of Greco-Roman classical literature by 59 different authors (they also have a few Chinese and Persian texts). To test it, I did a search for "flute" in an attempt to find a reference to Athena's creation of flute music out of the death-wails of the Gorgons. I got 95 entries, each with a relevant line containing "flute" plus a link to the full text -- none of them were what I'd hoped to find (because the reference I sought is from Pindar, who isn't indexed on this site), but I found some real gems nonetheless. I tried the same search on the Perseus Project and got only three references, none of which were from Pindar even though the Perseus Project includes his work on its site. I also tried "flute" on Carlos Parada's site (see directly below) and got 15 references, ranked in order of importance, but I had to read through each section hunting for the word "flute." (I finally found the Pindar quote in my own 1992 dissertation [700+ pages], which is where I should have looked in the first place, except that I forgot it was there!) Based on this random test, MIT has my vote. This isn't to denigrate Perseus or Parada -- they each have their own excellences. It is to point out the value of relying upon more than one source!http://hsa.brown.edu/%7Emaicar/index.html
Another fine site, but not always user-friendly, is "Greek Mythology Link," a serious collection of Greek myths based on Classical sources and written and published from Sweden by Carlos Parada (note: some pages have also been translated into Spanish). It's a great site for browsing, following hypertext, exploring quotes from various writers (ranging from Homer to Clement of Alexandria to Oscar Wilde), and enjoying images from ancient Greece; the images, unfortunately, aren't necessarily fully identified when they appear on a page with text -- you may have to track them down separately in an awkwardly arranged "Catalogue of Images."http://www.uky.edu/ArtsSciences/Classics/gender.html
A more significant flaw is that references aren't always given for Parada's data, which diminishes the site's academic value. Further, the information is placed in charts and grids which create a choppy, fragmented effect. In fairness, of course, the Perseus Project also fragments its data but at least primary sources and careful referencing are provided. Nevertheless, Parada has gathered an impressive amount of information, much of it fascinating, and his site is worth a long visit. (Note: Parada's site is hosted by the Hellenic Students' Association of Brown University, which is a high honor.)
I would suggest that you look up the same item in all three of these sites' search engines, read the entries, and compare their usefulness for your own purposes.
This is Diotima, a superb resource from the Classics Department at the University of Kentucky. Here is how the site's creators introduce it:Diotima serves as an interdisciplinary resource for anyone interested in patterns of gender around the ancient Mediterranean and as a forum for collaboration among instructors who teach courses about women and gender in the ancient world.I especially appreciate the section on Images as well as Essays (which include: "hypertextual links to pertinent essays, lectures, and journal articles stored at various locations around the world"). Warning: if you start browsing among the many excellent essays, plan to lose a day or two!
Up to Europe's Opening Page
Up to Western EuropeWestern Europe's Subdivisions:Classical Traditions: Ancient Greece ////// Ancient Rome
Celtic Traditions / Icelandic, Nordic, & Teutonic Traditions /
Medieval Life & Times / Arthurian Themes / Grail Lore/
Alchemy, Gnosticism, Hermetics / Fairy Tales & Folk Lore /
Down to Indigenous Peoples
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© 2000 by Kathleen Jenks, Ph.D.
All rights reserved.
Page created 6 September 2000:
(Many links shifted here from my earlier Ancient Greece page).
13 November 2000.